On the night of Wednesday, the first of May 1776, three men gathered at the house of a young law professor, Adam Weishaupt, in the Bavarian town of Ingolstadt.
They had decided to found a secret order to undermine the social system, at first called the Orden der Perfektibilisten (The Order of Perfectibilists). Weishaupt had been working on the plans for this order ever since 1770.
Among the three guests were two of Weishaupt’s students: Prince Anton von Massenhausen, who had helped work out the rules of the Order, and Franz Xaver Zwack, only registered as a member on the 22nd of February 1778.
There was also another man who later went under the pseudonym Tiberius, though nothing more is known about him. The historian Nesta Webster (actually Julian Stern) claimed that the French Count Honore Gabriel Riqueti de Mirabeau, a member of a Dutch Masonic Lodge, was also among the founding members.
All the members used pseudonyms in connection with their work. Weishaupt called himself Spartacus, Massenhausen became Ajax and Zwack Cato. The historical Porcius Cato had demanded the total destruction of the city-state of Carthago. Mirabeau was called Arcesilas, but in 1786 his alias became Leonidas (Nesta H. Webster, “Secret Societies and Subversive Movements”, London, 1924, p. 205).
Mirabeau was a famous French orator who had contracted enormous debts. Weishaupt came into contact with Mirabeau through certain Jewish bankers. Mira-beau was blackmailed into joining the Illuminati. (Nikolai Dobrolyubov, “Secret Societies in the Twentieth Century”, St. Petersburg, 1996, p. 23.)
Cities and areas that were important to the Illuminati were given ancient names:
Ingolstadt was called Ephesus, Munich Athens, Bavaria Achaia, Vienna Rome, Landshut Delphi, Austria Egypt and so on.
With the help of confiscated documents, it can be seen that the Illuminati used the Persian calendar, where October was called Meharmeh, November Abenmeh, December Adarmeh, January Dimeh, etc.
The lawyer Franz X. Zwack received his doctor’s degree and became advisor to Count Salm in Landshut where a great deal of the Illuminati’s archives was brought.
Not long afterwards, in 1779, the Order was renamed Orden der Illuminaten. Their primary watchword was: “The Illuminati must control the world!” But first Adam Weishaupt wanted a German unification. In 1779, Spartacus (Weishaupt) had written a letter to Marius (Jakob Anton von Hertel) and Cato (Zwack) and suggested a change of name.
They intended to call themselves “Bienenorden” (Order of Bees) but they kept in “Orden der Illuminaten” in the end. (“Einigen Originalschriften des Illuminaten-ordens” / “Collected Original Writings of the Illuminati Order”, Munich, 1787, p. 320.)
The Illuminati (“The Illuminated Ones”) eventually became a powerful und despotic organisation in Bavaria. Its members included Baron von Thomas Bassus, Marquis Constantin Costanzo, Baron Mengenhoffen, Friedrich Munter and other influential people.
The Order was founded on approximately the same principles as the Jesuit Order.
Adam Weishaupt had worked five years to develop a system, which suited him. The Order was divided into three classes (the Jesuits had four). The first class was for novices and the lesser illuminated (Minerval), the second for freemasons (including the Scottish Knights), and the third, the mystery class, was comprised of priests, regents, magicians and a king (the Jesuits had a general).
Their goal was to impose Novus Ordo Seclorum: the New World Order.
(to be continued)