The Jesuits’ Totalitarianism as a Prototype
Some sources, above all Christian, claim that Weishaupt’s ideological prototype was Plato’s “Republic”.
These claims are misleading. Weis-haupt (despite his hatred of them) admired the Jesuits’ tactics, discipline and skill at organisation, their ability to put talents to good use and their devotion to their cause. Since Jesuits educated Weishaupt, he was familiar with their experiences of creating totalitarian societies and his prototype 41 was above all the totalitarian and theocratic rule, which the Jesuits enforced, in spite of the Spanish central power, in Paraguay in 1609. This slave state existed officially for 159 years, up to 1768 when Weishaupt was a twenty-year-old student. The Jesuits called this serfdom encomienda, meaning mission or protection.
The facts I found in Carl Morner’s dissertation “An Account of the History of Paraguay and the Pertaining Jesuit Missions from the Discovery of the Country to 1813” (Uppsala, 1858, pp. 92-102) call for consideration. According to Morner, every mission had a municipal council, which carried out the Jesuits’ orders. The Jesuits followed a kind of communist method, using cunning and violence. Guarani Indians of both sexes and all ages were put to forced labour for the mission.
The Indians did not have any personal property. All the produce was gathered in communal storehouses. Whatever food and clothing the Indians needed, as well as the general needs of the commune, were distributed from these. The Jesuits oversaw the work in a factory manner.
The Jesuits had introduced work duty. The supply of food and other necessities to the Indians depended on the results of production. The power structure was centralised and work was performed in groups. The commune even organized entertainment. When punishment was meted out, the Indians were made to kiss the hand of their executioner, thank him and express their remorse.
The commune leadership was comprised of Jesuit priests from Italy, England and Germany. They had cordoned off the area in a manner reminiscent of a ghetto or Eastern Europe behind the iron curtain. All this strengthened the idea that the Jesuits aspired to create an independent state.
“Savage” Indians from nearby areas were tempted into the enclosed communes with good food, kindness, parties and music. There was no suggestion of the coercion and servitude to come. Then the trap closed around them. The Jesuits distributed the “savages” among the missions on the Parana River. Many fled home into the jungles only to be enslaved again later.
The Indians were turned into helpless, dependent creatures. Their chances for spiritual development were curbed. Special Jesuit priests (like politruks) indoctrinated the Indians not to express their dissatisfaction. Christianity, originally a religion intended for slaves, was used cunningly. At the same time, they tried to accustom the Indians to a militarist attitude and in this way they became the tools of their masters without any thought or will of their own. Paraguay was an example of standardization, the “right of co-determination”, the factory mentality, communist methods, an iron curtain (the area was turned into a ghetto), politruks, servitude, violence, propaganda and militarism.
An interesting fact is that primarily Central European Jesuits (of Jewish stock) were chosen as leaders of the Paraguay missions.
Information about the real conditions eventually reached the outside world despite all hypocrisy and double-dealing. In 1759, the Jesuits were ordered to release the Indians and abolish their isolation system. Naturally, the Jesuits claimed that all the accusations brought against them were false but they still admitted that something should be done and offered to help the Indians to gradually become independent again. They had no intention of keeping their promise.
Meanwhile, in Europe, the animosity against the Jesuit Order grew and King Carlos III of Spain expelled the Jesuits from all his provinces in 1767. The Jesuits in Paraguay shared the fate of their brothers.
One year later, in 1768, they officially left their missions without resistance -missions, which had, through their communist way of life, stifled the spiritual development of the Indians. Thereby, the Jesuits had gathered experience of indoctrinating the exceedingly freedom-loving Indian nations, and of changing them into obedient slaves in their “commune”.
Within only eight years, in 1776, the Jesuit defector Adam Weishaupt formed the Order of the Illuminati. In actual fact, the Jesuits kept their ghettos until well into the nineteenth century.
Slavery was abolished in 1843.
(to be continued)